You will acquire a foundation in theory, practice, policy, and research, collaborating with renowned faculty who possess expertise in a variety of areas. A robust support structure—accessible hands-on faculty, advising systems for curricular and career planning, a dedicated library, research librarians, and informal guidance—sustain your success as you progress through the program.
- Preparing for an Aging World: The Case for Cross-National Research.!
- The neutral theory of molecular evolution (Scientific American Magazine)!
- Account Options.
- Art & Visual Culture 1600-1850: Academy to Avant-Garde (Art & Visual Culture)?
- Advancing Social Work Education for Health Impact.
- What does a Social Worker do?.
- The Language of Shakespeare.
And with a range of electives and certificate programs to choose from, you can customize your degree based on career goals. How to apply. Start by selecting a specialized practice and customize from there. Select a tile to learn more.
Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Applied Ageing Studies and Service Management (UGC-funded)
We challenge and prepare our clinical program students to integrate evidence-based interventions and culturally sensitive practice with individuals, couples, families, and groups. Students become proficient in assessment and diagnostic classification and learn to develop professional therapeutic alliance and relationship skills. Through coursework and field practica, students are exposed to a broad overview of therapeutic interventions and have an opportunity to develop advanced practice skills and therapeutic techniques.
The program focuses on providing current and future leaders of the public and social service sectors with access to the latest thinking on social innovation. Social innovation represents a compelling paradigm that supports the development, implementation, and sustainability of transformational responses to social need.
Through coursework and field practica, students learn practice skills which focus on leadership and administration, financial management and resource development, and social innovation strategies and procedures. Within either specialized practice clinical or macro , you will develop expertise by selecting a field of practice. Fifty percent of your MSW education is spent in the field. We have relationships with 1, field agency partners and our advisors will help match you with a placement to build upon the skills you'll learn in the classroom.
Advancing Social Work Education for Health Impact | AJPH | Vol. Issue S3
Our MSW program consists of 12 required courses and 5 electives. Browse Electives. We offer 10 certificates within the MSW Program that will give you the opportunity to build additional knowledge in subject-specific areas of social work practice. Certificate Options. Students in our MSW program can further individualize their education by cross-registering for one social work-related elective per semester in another graduate school or department at Boston College e.
Dual Degrees. The MSW program offers six concentrated fields of practice pathways that include specialized coursework and advanced field education placements. Our innovative Children, Youth, and Families curriculum will prepare you to assess individuals and families and to develop and implement evidence-based intervention strategies that improve the health and resilience of families and their communities. Children, Youth, and Families students intern in settings such as schools, private non-profits, community health centers, and organizations working on issues related to trauma, poverty, family homelessness, health and behavioral health, immigrant integration, and a host of growing family issues confronting society.
In the advanced practice course, students delve deeply into learning how to create engaging, activity-based therapy groups for youth, as well as learning several parenting and family therapy models. Sometimes, functional status can be inferred from various diagnostic rubrics e. An increasing number of population surveys with health and economic goals contain functional status measures, often in longitudinal perspective, and offer considerable analytical potential for policy applications.
Some recent examples from various countries are shown in Annex Box There are numerous measures of functional status, and while they can be used in cross-national research for understanding the causes of various levels and changes among the elders of many nations, the number of comparisons could be large. An example of the application of this approach is shown in schematic form in Annex Figure Age-specific prevalence rates provide important information and have been determined for representative population samples in many countries.
Annex Figure shows gender- and age-specific prevalence rates for severe disability in four countries. Interestingly, there are clear differences among countries in trends by age that require further exploration. Given that analyses of declines in age-specific levels of physical disability Freedman and Martin, ; Manton et al.
Also of interest is the extent to which the more recent epidemiological transition in poorer countries will lead to different patterns of disability change as mortality decline proceeds. A general model of health status and change observed mortality and hypothetical morbidity and disability survival curves for U. Trends in the prevalence of severe disability among the elderly in four countries. For at least years, the acquisition of bodily materials and the measurement of human physiological functions have been part of medical practice for purposes of diagnosis and assessment of the efficacy of treatment.
Rapid advances in such measures in clinical practice have been limited only by the availability of the necessary resources and the ability of patients to accept the diagnostic burden. In the Western tertiary care setting, many technologically complex determinations are being performed, including complex metabolic investigations, noninvasive imaging of body organs, and assessment of complex organ functions e.
Genetic determinations are also becoming an increasingly important part of clinical practice. More traditional and routine blood and urine evaluations are extremely common as well, and literally hundreds of specific determinations are available for evaluating disease processes. Several important policy questions relevant to older persons stem from these laboratory assessments. Does the increasing availability of these sophisticated measures contribute to improved health outcomes among older persons?
How should these complex and expensive tests be applied more efficiently both geographically and to individual patients? Does their use lead to secondary medical care activities that improve health status? Do long-term adverse health effects occur because of improper medical decision making based on these tests? Several of these questions can be addressed in cross-national investigations since there is considerable regional and national variation in access to and funding and application of such procedures, enabling useful and important outcome studies.
However, cross-national evaluation of the outcomes of various medical tests and procedures requires assurance that these tests and procedures have similar properties and interpretation to allow comparative studies.
An additional and important issue is the application of laboratory testing procedures to surveys of geographically defined older populations. Such application has generally lagged behind clinical use because of difficulties in test portability for community studies, lesser acceptance of such testing among those without overt clinical conditions, and impeded access to persons having substantial functional impairment or residing within an institutional setting. Several approaches to this problem have been devised, including inviting survey participants to regional clinical testing centers; creating more acceptable portable testing and specimen-collection devices; and limiting the testing in various ways, for example, to tests for risk factors for important chronic conditions of older persons e.
Mortality data, despite certain weaknesses in accuracy and as measures of population health, have been widely applied to guide health policy, in part because of their universal availability from industrialized countries. As noted in Chapter 2 , recent advances in both the socioeconomic and health spheres, along with changes in individual and group lifestyles, have ensured a notable increase in life expectancy among the elderly. A year old European, North American, or Japanese woman may expect to live another years and her male peer another years.
As recently as 20 years ago, men and women of the same age lived 2 to 4 years less. Much of this recent gain in survivorship has been due to declines in mortality from heart disease. It is expected that survivorship among older persons, particularly the oldest old, will continue to increase, and this increase may trigger higher health and welfare costs.
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- Social Work with the Elderly;
- Gerontological Social Workers.
Costs could increase in particular for the prevention and care of chronic degenerative diseases, for assistance for the disabled, and for care associated with other disabling diseases that afflict the oldest old. These potential changes argue for the collection of data needed to estimate trends in future total mortality and specific diseases. Despite generally decreasing mortality rates, there are disparities among various groups within industrialized countries; mortality rates are lower among women, married persons, and those of higher social class.
There are also substantial regional and national variations, necessitating the collection of region-specific health data and the formulation of health and social policies that allow flexibility in managing this variation.
To study elderly mortality and survival patterns, data are needed for total mortality deaths from all causes and for particular causes, classified according to specific features; data are also needed for characterizing the population at risk of dying. Mortality data typically come from death certificates of national vital record systems. Currently, however, there is substantial variation in the quality of the data, and information may be missing for certain geographic jurisdictions, impeding understanding of mortality trends for policy purposes.
Just how this variation in quality affects analytical studies depends on the goals and policy questions involved. Annex Table summarizes options for comparing mortality rates among various older populations, either cross-sectionally or longitudinally. Options are shown for both group or collective mortality findings and individually followed mortality as part of the lifetime history of health and disease.
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Only a few countries possess longer time series. Some central statistical offices supply data that are also classified according to year of birth, thus facilitating the study of mortality for different cohorts. Usually, deaths and the relative population exposed to the risk of dying are classified for individual ages through age 99 and as a single group for those aged and over, although most countries have recently made efforts to publish data for individual ages for the latter segment of the population as well. Kannisto has constructed a database that comprises a mortality series for persons aged 80 and over for a set of industrialized countries that publish such data annually.
The data have been subjected to a number of tests of their plausibility and internal consistency. On the basis of these tests, countries have been classified into four quality categories: those with good-quality data Czechoslovakia, Denmark, England and Wales, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Scotland, Sweden, and Switzerland ; those with acceptable-quality data Australia, New Zealand-non Maori, and Portugal ; those with acceptable data under certain conditions Estonia, Ireland, Latvia, Poland, and Spain ; and those whose data should be used with caution Canada, New Zealand-Maori, and the United States.
The database was constructed from data on deaths arranged into cohort survival histories. Once mortality measures by age are available, life tables can be constructed and analyses of elderly survival performed.
Amalgamation of data on life expectancy, diseases, and disabilities will make it possible to derive measures that incorporate healthy and disabled life expectancy. It is well known that mortality estimates at old ages may be hampered by various problems Coale and Kisker, , ; Kannisto, , ; Thatcher et al.
For example, age misreporting is usually found both in death registration and in censuses and other surveys.
The most common manifestations of the data quality problem are implausible age-specific mortality fluctuations and abnormally low mortality estimates at older ages Preston et al. Two common problems are the tendency to report age in round numbers the nearest 5 or 0 and age exaggeration among the oldest old. Other problems in the quality of data on occupation, education, and surviving kin have been described. While causes of death have been registered throughout the industrialized world dating back to the beginning of the 20th century, it is only recently that certain quality changes have been introduced in standardized registration procedures.
Death certificates are the responsibility of medical doctors, according to WHO guidelines. The certificate is divided into two sections.